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Vladimir Kim
Mining
Rank 2017
200
Worth
£645m
Rise/fall
£365m

A descendant of Koreans forced by Stalin to move to Kazakhstan, Moscow-educated Kim runs the giant copper producer Kaz Minerals. The London-based business is worth £1.88bn after a strong second half of 2016, ramping up Kim’s stake from £265m to about £630m. He sold £838m worth of shares in 2010 but pledged part of his stake in 2012 as collateral to support loans. We clip £800m off his wealth as a result, putting Kim, 56, at £645m.